Setting Up Project

Before we get started

Make sure that you have NodeJS installed on your machine. After that, you have to install TypeScript and TypeScript Node.

npm install -g typescript ts-node

In order to test HTTP request, we can use Postman to send sample requests.

MongoDB preparation

You should install MongoDB on your local machine, or use other services such as mLab or Compose

If you installed MongoDB locally, you should install either Robo Mongo or Mongo Compass for GUI interface.

*MongoDB Compass GUI Interface*

MongoDB Compass GUI Interface

Before we dive into the coding part, you can checkout my github repository if you want to read the configuration in advance. Otherwise, you just need to follow the steps in order to get your project run.

Step 1: Initiate a Node project

Create a project folder and initiate the npm project. Remember to answer all the question, and you can edit it any time after that

mkdir node-apis-project
cd node-apis-project
npm init

Step 2: Install all the dependencies

npm install --save @types/express express body-parser mongoose nodemon

Step 3: Configure the TypeScript configuration file (tsconfig.json)

The idea is to put all the TypeScript files in the lib folder for development purpose, then for the production, we will save all the Javascript files in the dist folder. And of course, we will take advantage of the ES2015 in the project.

    "compilerOptions": {
        "module": "commonjs",
        "moduleResolution": "node",
        "pretty": true,
        "sourceMap": true,
        "target": "es6",
        "outDir": "./dist",
        "baseUrl": "./lib"
    "include": [
    "exclude": [

So whenever we run the tsc command, all the ts files in the lib folder will be compiled to js files in the dist folder


Step 4: edit the running scripts in package.json

    "scripts": {
        "build": "tsc",
        "dev": "ts-node ./lib/server.ts",
        "start": "nodemon ./dist/server.js",
        "prod": "npm run build && npm run start"

So, for the development, we can run a test server by running

npm run dev

For production

npm run prod

Step 5: getting started with the base configuration

You will need sooner or later the package body-parse for parsing incoming request data.

// lib/app.ts

import * as express from "express";
import * as bodyParser from "body-parser";

class App {

    public app: express.Application;

    constructor() { = express();

    private config(): void{
        // support application/json type post data;
        //support application/x-www-form-urlencoded post data{ extended: false }));


export default new App().app;

Create lib/server.ts file

// lib/server.ts

import app from "./app";
const PORT = 3000;

app.listen(PORT, () => {
    console.log('Express server listening on port ' + PORT);

From now, although you can not send a HTTP request yet, you still can test the project by running npm run dev.